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E. A. Carapeti, M. A. Kamm, P. J. McDonald, S. J. D. Chadwick, and R. K. Phillips.
Randomised trial of open versus closed day-case haemorrhoidectomy.
Br J Surg, 86:612-3, 1999.

E. A. Carapeti, M. A. Kamm, P. J. McDonald, and R. K. Phillips.
Double blind randomised controlled trial of effect of metronidazole on pain after day-case haemorrhoidectomy.
Lancet, 351(9097):169-72, January 1998.

E. Ganio, D. F. Altomare, F. Gabrielli, G. Milito, and S. Canuti.
Prospective randomised multicenter trial comparing stapled with open haemorroidectomy.
Br J Surg, 88:669-74, 2001.

P. C. Gartell, R. J. Sheridan, and F. P. McGinn.
Out patient treatment of haemorrhoids: a randomized clinical trial to compare rubber band ligation with phenol injection.
Br J Surg, 72(6):478-9, 1985.

M. Ingram, T. A. Wright, and C. J. Ingoldby.
A prospective randomized study of calcium alginate (sorbsan) versus standard gauze packing following haemorrhoidectomy.
J R Coll Surg Edinb, 43(5):308-9, October 1998.

N. J. M. London, P. D. Bramley, and R. Windle.
Effect of four days of pre-operative lactulose on post haemorrhoidectomy pain: results of a placebo controlled trial.
Br Med J, 295(6594):363-4, 1987.

B. Mehigan, J. Monson, and J. Hartley.
Stapled procedure for haemorrhoids vs Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy: randomised controlled trial.
Lancet, 355:782-5, 2000.

H Ortiz, J. Marzo, and P. Armendariz.
Randomized clinical trial of stapled haemorrhoidopexy versus conventional diathermy haemorrhoidectomy.
Br J Surg, 89(11):1376-81, November 2002.

S. A. Pilkington, A. C. Bateman, S. Wombwell, and R. Miller.
Anatomical basis for impotence following haemorrhoid sclerotherapy.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl, 82(5):303-6, September 2000.

A. J. Sim, J. A. Murie, and I. Mackenzie.
Three year follow-up study on the treatment of first and second degree hemorrhoids by sclerosant injection or rubber band ligation.
Surgery Gynecol Obstet, 157(6):534-6, December 1983.

D. Savioz, B. Roche, T. Glauser, A. Dobrinov, C. Ludwig, and M. C. Marti.
Rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids: relapse as a function of time.
Int J Colorectal Dis, 13(4):154-6, 1998.

S. Zaheer, W. T. Reilly, J. H. Pemberton, and D. Ilstrup.
Urinary retention after operations for benign anorectal diseases.
Dis Colon Rectum, 41(6):696-704, June 1998.

Adrian P. Ireland